About Yellow Fever
Key Fact: 50% of people who experience a severe case will die as a result.
Vector: Bite from an infected mosquito.
Cases: Up to 170,000 severe cases worldwide annually (estimated).
Symptoms: Fever, muscle pain with prominent backache, headache, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting.
Severe Case: High fever, with the liver and kidneys affected, jaundice, dark urine, abdominal pain with vomiting, bleeding from the mouth, nose, eyes or stomach.
Precautions: Vaccination (careful risk assessment prior to administering vaccine is essential); Vaccination certification may be required depending on destination; Take preventative measures when mosquitoes are most active (during daylight hours); Use a recommended insect repellent containing either Picaridin (20%), DEET or PMD; Wear appropriate clothing (e.g. long sleeved shirt, long trousers); Use physical barriers, such as bed nets and window screens.