About Tick-borne Encephalitis
Key Fact: 1 in every 100 cases is fatal, while 1 in 10 cases result in long-term complications such as memory loss, issues concentrating and changes in behaviour.
Vector: Bite from an infected tick.
Cases: 10–12,000 cases worldwide annually (estimated). Actual number is thought to be much higher.
Symptoms: Fever, headache, muscle pain, fatigue.
Severe Case: Infection of the CNS leading to meningitis, encephalitis and myelitis.
Precautions: Vaccination; Avoid tick habitats, such as long grass; Use a recommended insect repellent containing either Picaridin (20%), DEET or PMD; Minimise areas of exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and closed shoes; Carry a tick remover or fine tooth tweezers; Carefully check every day for attached ticks; If found, remove the tick by gently gripping it as close to the skin as possible and pulling away steadily without twisting or crushing the tick. Ensure the entire tick − including head and mouthparts − is removed; Wash your skin with water and soap afterwards, and apply an antiseptic cream around the bite;