About Japanese Encephalitis
Key Fact: Although some symptoms improve after the acute illness, 30% of survivors of severe cases will continue to have neurologic, cognitive, or psychiatric symptoms.
Vector: Bite from an infected mosquito.
Cases: 67,900 cases worldwide annually (estimated).
Symptoms: Fever, chills, headache, muscle pain, mental confusion, spasms in the neck and spine, muscle weakness.
Severe case: Long-term neurologic, psychosocial, intellectual and / or physical disabilities in about 30% of survivors of severe cases; death.
Precautions: Vaccination; Take preventative measures when mosquitoes are most active (from dusk until dawn); Use a recommended insect repellent containing either Picaridin (20%), DEET or PMD; Wear appropriate clothing (e.g. long sleeved shirt, long trousers)