Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B (Adult)

About Hepatitis A

Key Fact: More than 887,000 people die every year due to complications of hepatitis B, including cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Percutaneous, Mucosal, Sexual: Person-to-person through close contact with someone infected with hepatitis B, or their possessions, as well as intravenous drug use.

Cases: 257 million people globally are chronically infected27

Symptoms: Jaundice, dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

Severe case: Acute liver failure (which can result in death), cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer.

Precautions: Vaccination; Practice safe injection and avoid needle-stick ‘risk’ situations, such as getting tattoos or body piercings; Practice safer sex (including using condoms and minimising partners; Avoid sharing personal items that could be infected with blood, such as toothbrushes and razors.