Hepatitis A+B Adult (Twinrix)

About Hepatitis B

Key Fact: Recovery from the illness can take people weeks or months, leading to significant time absent from work, school, or daily life.

Faecal Oral: Ingestion of contaminated food or water, close personal or sexual contact with an infected person, intravenous drug use.

Cases: 126 million cases worldwide annually (estimated)

Symptoms: Fever, malaise, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal discomfort, dark-coloured urine and jaundice

Severe case: In rare instances, acute liver failure that can result in death2

Precautions: Vaccination; Personal hygiene practices, such as regular hand-washing with safe water after using the toilet and before preparing food; Exercise caution when consuming food you have not prepared, or drinks made with water (including ice cubes); Avoid eating raw or undercooked shellfish.

About Hepatitis B

Key Fact: More than 887,000 people die every year due to complications of hepatitis B, including cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Percutaneous, Mucosal, Sexual: Person-to-person through close contact with someone infected with hepatitis B, or their possessions, as well as intravenous drug use.

Cases: 257 million people globally are chronically infected27

Symptoms: Jaundice, dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

Severe case: Acute liver failure (which can result in death), cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer.

Precautions: Vaccination; Practice safe injection and avoid needle-stick ‘risk’ situations, such as getting tattoos or body piercings; Practice safer sex (including using condoms and minimising partners; Avoid sharing personal items that could be infected with blood, such as toothbrushes and razors.